SALE END DATE AND TIME
July 31, 2016 : SALE CLOSED
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|Chokwe or Lovale Tribe, Angola, 1910-1940|
This phenomenal (and somewhat fragile) mask, or “mankishi” originated from either the Lovale or, more likely, a related Chokwe group in Angola. The region has a number of closely related peoples with numerous initiation rites and masked celebrations which continue to be employed, in some measure, to the present day. Mwendumba or "lion" is a Lovale ancestral character identified by his fringe-like mane. The most commonly collected masks from the Chokwe complex are carved from wood, but fiber masks are popular and have a deep history. Because of their more temporal nature and fragile organic materials, fewer masks like this example have ever been preserved. Even further, older examples such as this are rarely encountered. The facial portion was built up of soot and bee's wax with remains of a sisal beard and netting added along the way. Because wax was used instead of pitch, the surface here is more resilient and therefore better preserved than in other masks of this type one occasionally encounters. From our experience, this mask was created in the early part of the 20th century. The historical photo of a similar example included herein is from the Musée royal de l'Afrique Centrale (Royal Museum for Central Africa--Tervuren).
|Lot ID: 3|
|Low Estimate: $2,500|
|High Estimate: $6,500|
|Next Bid: $1,400|
|Sale ID: 6|
|Sale Date: July 28, 2016|
|Sale Location: Virtual Auction|
|Sale Sponsor: African Artworks from Berz Gallery of African Art|
|Sale Terms: View here|
|Live Bidding Link: SALE CLOSED|
|Location of Origin: Africa|
|Medium/Materials: rattan, fiber, pigment, animal hair, hide, twigs, soot, bee's wax, feathers|
|Dimensions: 12'' (30.48 cm) height x 9'' (22.86 cm) width|
|Primary Classification: African Artwork, Ethnographic & Tribal Arts : African Art : Country - Other|
|Secondary Classification: African Artwork, Ethnographic & Tribal Arts : African Art : Object Type - Mask|
|“Chokwe, Lunda, Lwena, Luchazi, Mbunda, and related peoples create a variety of mukishi or makishi (masks) to represent or embody their ancestral spirits. Mukishi bring their positive supernatural influences to villages and protect men's initiation camps while assuming human, animal, or hybrid physical characteristics. Masks are exclusively made and performed by men and are either carved from wood or constructed with bent branches, cloth, tar, beeswax, paper strips, or fibers. This Chokwe mask is called Mwendumba (“the lion”). The animal serves as a metaphor for power and invincibility, attributes associated with a chief. Mwendumba is constructed with two parallel head superstructures that represent a lion's mane and a chief’s royal crown. Mwendumba's crown may be decorated with linear motifs or circular patterns which relate to the sun or the moon as chiefly symbols. In its performance Mwendumba is generally aggressive, chasing women and uninitiated members of the community away from the initiation camp.” (source: Manuel Jordan, Art And Initiation In Western Zambia, University of Iowa)(photograph, inset right, of ancestral mask representing Mwendumba (a lion) made and performed by Charles Chitofu. Chokwe peoples, Chitofu Village, Zambia, 1991. Photo by Manuel Jordán).|
|Provenance: Ex. Bruno Frey, Galerie H, France (original certificate of authenticity included), Ex. Private French Collection; Exhibition History: Analyzed and vetted as authentic by a committee of tribal art experts and exhibited at BRUNEAF, Brussels, January 2016|
|Price:||Price on Request|
|Offered By:||CLOSED: African Artworks : 146 Lots : July 28-30|
|Contact:||The Curator's Eye|
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