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July 31, 2016 : SALE CLOSED
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|Dan, Côte d'Ivoire/Liberia|
"Masks are the most important art from of the Dan. Masks are perceived to embody the most powerful of spirit forces while they are also mechanisms of social control and group solidarity. Present at most significant events these masks are thought to embody supernatural forest forces know as Gle. The wearer of the mask is said to harness all of the qualities and characteristics of these powerful forces when in complete masquerade ensemble.
This specific mask type, known as Ge Gon exists only among the northern Dan and their neighbors. Characteristics of this type include oval or slit eyes often framed in tin and a large beak or snout. The mask is made to mimic the beauty of a bird in flight when danced in a swooping or gliding motion The bird depicted is the hornbill, important in Dan mythology as the first animal in creation.
Frequently employed during initiations and other rituals of secret societies, these masks are thought to harness benevolent spirits. Women, who are not allowed to own full-sized masks, often have miniatures commissioned upon marriage. In this way , they maintain relationships with their maiden families spirit mask, benefiting from the positive forces which the mask embodies." Charles Davis III, in original facture/letter which accompanies the mask.
|Lot ID: 29|
|Low Estimate: $6,000|
|High Estimate: $12,000|
|Next Bid: $5,500|
|Sale ID: 6|
|Sale Date: July 28, 2016|
|Sale Location: Virtual Auction|
|Sale Sponsor: African Artworks from Berz Gallery of African Art|
|Sale Terms: View here|
|Live Bidding Link: SALE CLOSED|
|Location of Origin: Africa|
|Medium/Materials: wood (one piece), applied oils, stain|
|Dimensions: 12'' (30.48 cm) height|
|Primary Classification: African Artwork, Ethnographic & Tribal Arts : African Art : Country - Côte d'Ivoire/Liberia|
|Secondary Classification: African Artwork, Ethnographic & Tribal Arts : African Art : Object Type - Mask|
|Carved from a single piece of wood by the Dan Tribe in Liberia, masks such as this have historically been used by Dan tribe male associations for education rituals, social control and entertainment. Masks are thought to embody the most powerful of spirit forces called gle. Each gle has its own character. Masks with softly modeled features, slit or downcast eyes are regarded as feminine masks or deangle, an idealized form of beauty and grace. They represent gentle spirits used for nurturing, teaching and entertaining. Tangangle masks are more intricately carved than Deangle masks, are used in singing masquerades and confer blessings on the village. The Dan people, who are also known by the name Yacouba, live in the western part of the Ivory Coast and into Liberia where the land is forested in the south and bordered by a savannah in the north. Before unifying secret societies were set up at the turn of the century, each Dan village was an autonomous socio-political unit governed by a chief elected on the base of his wealth and social position. Today, the leopard society acts as a major regulator of Dan life and initiates young men during their isolated periods of three to four months in the forest. (Ref: Bacquart, The Tribal Arts of Africa). Literature: Herzog, African Masks, Visona, A History of Art in Africa; Bacquart, The Tribal Arts of Africa, (Photo source of Dan Mask Dancer Photograph is Pop Goes the Sacred: Dan Mask Performance and Popular Culture in Postcolonial Côte d'Ivoire|
Daniel B. Reed, Africa Today
Vol. 48, No. 4, Musical Performance in Africa (Winter, 2001), pp. 67-85)
|Provenance: Ex. Charles Davis III, New Orleans, US (original certificate/letter included), Ex. Collection Linda Paul, US|
|Price:||Price on Request|
|Offered By:||CLOSED: African Artworks : 146 Lots : July 28-30|
|Contact:||The Curator's Eye|
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