SALE END DATE AND TIME
July 31, 2016 : SALE CLOSED
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|Bene Lulua, Democratic Republic of Congo|
This is an extremely fine example of a Lulua figure, which are very desirable for collectors and are present in most major museum and important private collections.
This figure has extensive scarification, which is prominent in Bene Lulua statuary even though the Lulua did not scar after the 19th century. This characteristic of scarification grounds Lulua figures clearly in a style created by the ancestors, for whom scarification is thought to have been an important part of the culture. It is most likely that this figure represented some type of charm or protective statue; it is thought that the extended belly on the figure has a "life" connotation or meaning, while the large head is an important but unknown element of the figure. It is thought that the single horn projected atop the head is a power feature, which gives the figure power, while the angular arm position with stout legs are symbols of virility and power.
|Lot ID: 42|
|Low Estimate: $3,500|
|High Estimate: $7,500|
|Next Bid: $1,750|
|Sale ID: 6|
|Sale Date: July 28, 2016|
|Sale Location: Virtual Auction|
|Sale Sponsor: African Artworks from Berz Gallery of African Art|
|Sale Terms: View here|
|Live Bidding Link: SALE CLOSED|
|Location of Origin: Africa|
|Medium/Materials: wood (one piece), stain, oils|
|Dimensions: 7" (17.78 cm) height x 1.5" (3.81 cm) width|
|Primary Classification: African Artwork, Ethnographic & Tribal Arts : African Art : Country - Democratic Republic of Congo|
|Secondary Classification: African Artwork, Ethnographic & Tribal Arts : African Art : Object Type - Statue|
|Frobenius (Leo), "Bena Lulua", in Ethnograpische Notizen aus den Jahren 1905 und 1906, Hildegard Klein, ed.,vol.3, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1988:3-29|
Maes (Joseph), ", Figurines 'Pemba' dites Maternite des bena lulua", in L'Illustration Congolaise, no.220, January 1940:29-31
Maesen (Albert), "Statuire et culte de fécondité chez les Luluwa du Kasaï (zaïre)", in Quaderni Poro, 3, 1982:49-58 Petridis (Constantin)
"Luluwa Masks", African Arts, XXXII, 3, 1999: 32-47
xxx"Mortier ou amulette?; Un récipient à caryatide luluwa", in Arts & Cultures. Geneva.
The Association of Friends of the Barbier Müller Museum, 2009:124-137Makiba Kalanda (Augusto), "Baluba et Lulua: une ethnie à la recherche d'un nouvel équilebre", Bruxelles: Remarques Congolaises, 1959:87
McLean (David), "The sons of Muntu. An rthnological study of the Bena Lulua tribe in South central Congo. Thesis, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 1962
McLean (David) & Ted J. Solomon, "Divination among the Bena Lulua", in Jornal of Religion in Africa, 4(1), Leiden: Brill, 1971
Raë (Marcellin), "Note d'histoire et de droit coutumier sur le litige Lulua-Baluba avant le 30 luin 1960", in Bulletin Acad. R. Sci. O.-M., VIII, 3, 1961:366-376
Raucq, (Paul), "Les relations entre tribus au Kasai. Leurs incidences géo-politiques et économiques", in Africa-Tervuren, VII, 2, 1961:47-58
Redinha (José), "Os Bena Mai da Luanda. Edição de Fundo de Tourismo e publicade, Luanda, 1965
Stappers (Leo), "Arbeidsvitaminen der Bana Luluwa-vrouwen", in Africa-Tervuren, X, 4, 1964:90-98
|Provenance: Ex. Private Collection Lisa Guldemont, Liege, Belgium, Ex. Private Belgian Colonial Collection, Exhibition History: Vetted by a committee of tribal art experts as antique and authentic and exhibited at BRUNEAF Brussels, January 2016|
|Price:||Price on Request|
|Offered By:||CLOSED: African Artworks : 146 Lots : July 28-30|
|Contact:||The Curator's Eye|
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