|China, Ming Dynasty (c. 1368-1644 CE) or earlier|
A Lohan is a personal disciple of Buddha who has followed the Eightfold Path, has conquered all passions, and who is no longer subject to re-birth or karma. An earthly existence and ignorance are no longer part of his life, he has attained Nirvana.
Lohans are said to possess great wisdom, courage and supernatural powers. Each Lohan is appointed to a different position in different parts of the world. Due to their ability to ward off evil spirits, images of Lohans are arranged along the side walls of the main or second hall of Buddhist’s monasteries and act as guardians. Each one posed in a fixed attitude with his distinctive symbol or badge.
Scripturally there were only 16 Lohans; two more were added during the Tang Dynasty. In many locations in China according to legend, in 891, the first portraits of the 18 Lohans were painted by a Buddhist monk named Guan Xiu. The traditional order of the Lohan is based on the order in which they appeared to Guan Xiu in a dream.
Later Chinese artists would often base their portrayals of the Lohans on the paintings of Guan Xiu. However, variations in attributes and dispositions of the Lohan’s imagery occurred due to innumerous legends that provided inspiration for the artists, and the individual artist’s method of expression.
This set of 16 Lohan has many fine qualities including high-relief calligraphic inscriptions and individual distinctive facial expressions and poses. It is extremely unusual to find a complete set from such an early time period. These Lohan are in rather fine condition (some losses of pigment and generally minor repairs to the lower robe areas).
|Location of Origin: Asia|
|Medium/Materials: painted and gilded stucco (but with what are probably 18th, 19th and 20th century restorations)|
|Dimensions: range from c. 19 ½” to 28 ¼” high (49.53 to 71.75 cm high)|
|Primary Classification: Asian Art : Chinese Antiques|
|Secondary Classification: Asian Art|
|Analytic tests performed: Surface examination|
|Price:||Item has been sold.|
|Offered By:||Items for sale from dealers we worked with previously|
121 Mount Vernon, Boston, MA 02108 USA
Item has been sold.
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