SALE END DATE AND TIME
July 31, 2016 : SALE CLOSED
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The Gelede masquerade is a rich spectacle of drama, dance, poetry, and drumming, that plays an important role in Yoruba culture. The masquerade is held between March and May when the rains arrive and a new agricultural cycle begins, and is performed by male members of a ritual cult who have been trained in the arts of masking from the age of four or five.
The Gelede masquerade tells of the hierarchical order of the world, and its purpose is to honor “our mothers” (awon iya wa). The masqueraders are accompanied by songs that remind spectators to pay respect to and acknowledge the underlying power and authority (ashe) of the female elders in Yoruba society.
From all indications and our experience in handling this type of material through the years, the mask dates to the early 20th century and is a killer example of a Gelede, with exceptional detail and craftsmanship. The wood shows evidence of naturally occurring age over decades, as evidenced by small areas of encrustation around the carved ears and within the rows of “braids” in the hair. The coloration is exceptional, with embedded mirrors. The polychrome paint has been applied and reapplied, further evidence of multiple occasions of use for this Gelede, which also has excellent provenance. Photo Source: Gelede Mask Dancers The Gelede Spectacle 1969
|Lot ID: 99|
|Low Estimate: $2,500|
|High Estimate: $5,500|
|Next Bid: $1,400|
|Sale ID: 6|
|Sale Date: July 28, 2016|
|Sale Location: Virtual Auction|
|Sale Sponsor: African Artworks from Berz Gallery of African Art|
|Sale Terms: View here|
|Live Bidding Link: SALE CLOSED|
|Location of Origin: Africa|
|Medium/Materials: wood, polychrome paint, stain, encrustation|
|Dimensions: 19" (48.26 cm) height x 10.5" (26.67 cm) width|
|Primary Classification: African Artwork, Ethnographic & Tribal Arts : African Art : Country - Nigeria|
|Secondary Classification: African Artwork, Ethnographic & Tribal Arts : African Art : Object Type - Mask|
|The word ‘Yoruba’ describes both a language and a tribe living across Nigeria and the Popular Republic of Benin, in an area of forest and savannah. Their origins can be traced back to the end of the first millennium like the civilization of Ife. Following the collapse of the Ife civilization, a number of kingdoms such as the Ijebu and the Oyo emerged. They, in turn, disintegrated during the 18th and 19th centuries, but were revived by the colonial powers at the end of the 19th century and today still form the political structure of the Yoruba people. The enormous scale of the slave trade in Nigeria contributed to the Diaspora of the Yoruba people and informed spiritual practices in countries such as Haiti (Ref: Bacquart, “Tribal Arts of Africa”; Beckwith and Fisher, “African Ceremonies”; Fagg, Pemberton and Holcombe, “Yoruba,” 1982). Yoruba culture and links to traditional Yoruba religion and belief systems are integrated heavily in an area that spans the Caribbean and Southern United States and Cuba, Brazil and Latin America, and throughout parts of Europe and Africa. Further expertise:Yoruba: Nine Centuries of African Art and Thought, Drewal, Pemberton III, Abiodun, Wardwell, Ibeji, Chemeche, Yoruba: An Art of Life, Cooksey and Mato, Ibeji: The Cult of Yoruba Twins, Chemeche|
|Provenance: Ex. James Willis, US (original certificate of authenticity and ownership included with purchase)|
|Price:||Price on Request|
|Offered By:||CLOSED: African Artworks : 146 Lots : July 28-30|
|Contact:||The Curator's Eye|
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