Please contact The Curator's Eye for more information.
|Circa 625-550 B.C.|
The helmet is of upright bell-form, with a nose guard, and curvilinear openings for the eyes that taper to a point. The integral cheek pieces leave a wide opening for the mouth. The lower border flares out forming the neck guard. The border is perforated with large holes to secure an inner leather or fabric lining. Helmets of this type were first cast by the lost-wax technique and then further hammered and carefully cold-worked into their final form.
The helmet exhibits considerable evidence of ancient battle damage with a series of dents over the crown. The cheek pieces were intentionally bent-out and the nose guard snapped off when the helmet was stripped from a fallen hoplite and then taken to a sanctuary in order to be dedicated as part of a trophy of captured enemy arms and armor. Captured ancient Greek arms were traditionally disfigured in this way, perhaps to render them useless as instruments of war, so as to not profane the sacred ground of the god’s temple to which they were to be dedicated.
This helmet was worn by a hoplite of the Archaic Period, a time of intense colonization, competition and conflict within the Greek world. As a result, the 7th century BC was defined by rapid innovation and development in terms of military technology. At this time the heavily armed Greek infantry phalanx, made up entirely of free Greek land owning men equipped with their own arms and armor, emerged as the preeminent military formation of the mid-second millennium BC.
The Greek phalanx, bristling with bronze clad spearmen protected by a wall of interlocked large round shields, when deployed on favorable terrain was virtually impervious to all other military units fielded in the ancient Mediterranean at the time.
|Location of Origin: Europe|
|Primary Classification: Ancient Art, Antiquities : Greek Pottery and Greek Antiques for Sale|
|Secondary Classification: Antique guns, Antique Swords for Sale : Armour for Sale|
|Confer for similar examples of this type: Olympia Archaeological Museum, Greece, inv. no. B6777;Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Germany, inv. no. OL2968;Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, inv. no. 14.117;Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, inv. no. 01.7479;Museo Archaeologico Nazionale, Melfi, Italy, a helmet found in tomb 105, at Ruvo del Monte|
|Provenance: Dr E. Budde Collection, USA|
|Price:||Item has been sold.|
|Offered By:||Items may still be available - Please contact The Curator's Eye for more information|
121 Mount Vernon, Boston, MA 02108 USA
Item has been sold.
Please login before inquiring about this item, or adding it to your Favorites list. If you do not have a client login, please register.